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Recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) during COVID-19 epidemic, according to type of facility, staff and type of activity

PPE – Personal protective equipment

Type of Facility

Staff or Patients

Activity

Type of PPE or Procedure

Healthcare Facilities

Hospitals

Hospital Room

Healthcare Workers

Direct care of patients infected with COVID – 19

Medical mask

Cloak or medical coat

Gloves

Eye protection (glasses or visor)

Performance of procedures on COVID-19 infected patients that generate aerosols

Respiratory mask N95 or FFP2 standard, or equivalent.

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection (glasses or visor)

Apron

Hygienists

Entering a room where there are patients infected with COVID-19

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Rubber work gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying organic material or chemicals)

Boots or closed shoes for work

Visitors

Entering a room where there are patients infected with COVID-19

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Other premises in which there is patients’ movement (e.g. wards, corridors)

All employees, including healthcare workers

Any activity that does not involve contact with COVID-infected patients

PPE is not needed

Hospital Triage at the Entry

Healthcare Workers

Preliminary screening that does not involve direct contact

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

PPE is not needed

Patients with respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

Provide a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it

Patients without respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

Laboratory

Laboratory Technician

Work with respiratory samples

Medical mask

Cloak

Gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying)

Administrative Premises

All employees, including healthcare workers

Administrative tasks that do not involve contact with COVID-infected patients 19

PPE is not needed

 

Ambulances

Examination room (ambulance)

Healthcare Workers

Physical examination of a patient with respiratory symptoms

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection

Healthcare Workers

Physical examination of a patient without respiratory symptoms

PPE in accordance with standard precautions and risk assessment measures

People with respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

Putting on a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it

People without respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

Hygienists

After and between examinations of patients with respiratory symptoms

Medical mask

Cloak

Rubber work gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying organic material or chemicals)

Boots or closed shoes for work

Waiting Room

People with respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

Provide a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it.

Immediately move the patient to an isolated room or room separated from others; if this is not possible, maintain a spatial distance of at least 1 meter from other patients

People without respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

Administrative Premises

All employees, including healthcare workers

Administrative tasks

PPE is not needed

Triage

Healthcare workers

Preliminary screening that does not involve direct contact

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

PPE is not needed

People with respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

Putting on a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it

People without respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

Other Premises

Home

People with respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

Putting on a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it, except when sleeping

Caregiver

Entering a patient’s room without having direct contact or assistance

Medical mask

Caregiver

Direct care or handling of feces, urine or waste material from a patient infected with COVID-19 placed for home treatment

Medical mask

Gloves

Cloak (if there is a risk of spraying)

Healthcare workers

Providing direct care or assistance to a patient infected with COVID-19 who is being treated at home

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection

Public space (e.g. schools, shopping malls, train stations).

People without respiratory symptoms

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

 

Points of Entry

Administrative Premises

All workers

Any type of activity

PPE is not needed

Screening Area

Workers

First screening (temperature check) not including direct contact

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

PPE is not needed

Workers

Second screening (e.g. interviewing fever patients to detect clinical symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 disease and travel history)

Medical Mask

Gloves

Hygienists

Cleaning of rooms where screening of fever patients is performed

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Rubber work gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying organic material or chemicals).

Boots or closed shoes for work

 

Rooms for Temporary Isolation

Workers

Entering the isolation premises, but without providing direct assistance

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

Medical Mask Gloves

Workers, healthcare workers

Assisting passengers during transport to a health facility

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection

Hygienists

Cleaning the premises for isolation

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Rubber work gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying organic material or chemicals).

Boots or closed shoes for work

Ambulances or other means of transport

Healthcare Workers

Transportation of a patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19 to a reference health facility

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection

 

Driver

Involved only in transporting a patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19 and the driver area is separated from the patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19.

Maintaining a spatial distance of at least 1 meter

PPE is not needed

Assisting during entry and exit of a vehicle of a patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Gloves

Eye protection

Lack of direct contact with a patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19, but there is no separation of the driver area from the part intended for patients

Medical mask

A patient suspected of being infected with COVID-19

Transportation to the reference health institution

Putting on a medical mask if the patient can tolerate it

Hygienists

Cleaning after and between transport of patients suspected of being infected with COVID-19 to the reference health facility

Medical mask

Cloak or coat

Rubber work gloves

Eye protection (if there is a risk of spraying organic material or chemicals).

Boots or closed shoes for work